Amritsar is the city in the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the major tourist destinations in North India. It is one of the cities which has been chosen as Heritage City under HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme and it is home to the famous Golden Temple which is one of the holiest places in Sikh community.
The city was founded by fourth Sikh guru, Ram Das in the year 1577 and currently, the city is divided into two parts by the railway lines.
As one of the major tourist attraction, Amritsar has major tourist attraction places which one should visit and experience the true Sikh Culture.
Golden Temple: You have not visited Amritsar if you miss visiting the Golden Temple. A temple that is synonymous with the city of Amritsar is one of the most revered temples in Sikh Community. The temple known to Sikhs as Harmandir Sahib, it is one of the architectural marvels. The temple is rectangular in shape and is surrounded by a pool known as Amrit Sarovar. Here, the holy book of Sikh, Guru Granth Sahib is installed every morning and is prayed here every day. Daily lakhs of visitors are fed Langar which is a food service that is prepared and served here in the name of god. The temple is open daily from 03:00 – 22:00hrs and you need to cover yourself up and remove the slippers before entering.
Wagah Border: Located around 35kms outside the main city, Wagah Border is also known as the ‘Berlin Wall of Asia’. The Border is the connection between India and Pakistan and is well known for its Border Retreats. The retreat ceremony is held every evening 30 minutes before Sunset and is witnessed by many audiences from both sides of the countries. The ceremony is held by Border Security Forces from both countries and is encouraged by a loud cheer from the visitors. When you are in Amritsar, you should not miss visiting the retreat ceremony which brings a sense of pride.
Jallianwala Bagh: If you are a history fanatic, then you might have surely heard of Jallianwala massacre. This happened on April 13, 1919, during the first war of Indian Independence where hundreds of Indians were participating in a meeting were killed by British Soldiers. Once you enter the lane you will notice a stone plaque ‘this is where bullets were fired from’ and you can witness the well where people fell into to avoid bullet firing from the soldiers. One of the darkest days in Indian history and once you visit this place you will relive the past.
Ram Tirath:Located just 11 km outside Amritsar City, Ram Tirath is an ancient temple associated with the ancient Hindu script of Ramayana. It is said to be the place where Lord Rama and Sita’s twin – Luv and Kush are said to be born. Also, it is believed that Sage Valmiki scripted the epic Ramayana here at Ram Tirath. One of the holy places the entry is free of charge and you need to wear proper clothes and remove footwear before entering the holy temple.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum: The museum which was originally a Summer Palace for first Sikh Emperor, Maharaja Ranjit Singh is one of the must-visit places in Amritsar. The vast palace converted into a museum has beautifully kept gardens called Ram Bagh. The museum exhibits the arms, armoury, coins, paintings and manuscripts which personally belonged to the King. The paintings displayed here at the museum showcases the lifestyle of the king in his summer palace giving you insights into the rule of the king. The price to enter the museum is free and it is open from 10:00 – 17:00hrs every day.